I-Punarnava (Hogweed): Izinzuzo, Ukudla okunomsoco, Ukusetshenziswa Nemiphumela emibi

Ungaphuthelwa

Ikhaya Ezempilo Ukudla okunomsoco Nutrition oi-Amritha K Ngu U-Amritha K. ngoMashi 22, 2019

Ngokwesayensi ebizwa ngokuthi iBoerhavia diffusa, i-punarnava noma i-hogweed ingenye yamakhambi ezuzisayo futhi asebenzayo asebenzayo abekwe ku-ayurveda. Impande, amaqabunga, izingxenye zomoya noma isitshalo sonke kusetshenziselwa ukwelapha izifo ezahlukahlukene. Ngokuvamile, noma ngokunokwenzeka, isetshenziswa nsuku zonke emazweni anjengeNdiya, iNepal, neSri Lanka. Ezinhlotsheni ezimbili zesitshalo (ezimhlophe nokubomvu), izinhlobonhlobo ze-white punarnava yilokho okubizwa kakhulu ngokuthi yi-punarnava [1] . Futhi izinhlobonhlobo ze-punarnava ebomvu, iTrianthema portulacastrum, ijwayele ukusetshenziselwa ukunciphisa amandla ezimpande ze-punarnava [okubili] .



Punarnava

Umthombo: eNatureloc



Lesi sitshalo besisetshenziswa emithini yendabuko yaseNdiya amakhulu eminyaka, ekwelapheni izinkinga eziningi zempilo ezinjengezinhlungu zesisu ezimeni zenhliziyo. Inezinhlanganisela zamakhemikhali anamandla we-bioactive njenge-hypoxanthine 9-L-arabinofuranoside, i-serratagenic acid, i-boeravinone A kuya ku-F, iliodendron, i-ursolic acid, ne-oleanolic acid enganikezwa amandla okuphulukisa esitshalo [3] . Umgomo osebenzayo we-punarnava yi-alkaloid punarnavine, equkethe usawoti omkhulu we-potassium.

I-Punarnava isetshenziswa kabanzi njengesilinganiso sokwelapha ukukhuluphala, iningi lemithi elwa nokukhuluphala ene-punarnava njengenye yezithako zayo [4] . Imifino ezuzisa ngokwedlulele iyatholakala ngesimo se-decoctions, amaphilisi kanye ne-powder. Lesi sitshalo sinezinzuzo ezahlukahlukene ezingelapha ukuqunjelwa, isifuba somoya, isifo sikashukela kanye nomdlavuza. Isebenza kahle kakhulu, imbiza ingagomela njengelikhambi lokugcina lezifo. Funda ukuze wazi kabanzi ngezinzuzo ezimangazayo neziphumelelayo umuthi ongaba nawo emzimbeni nasengqondweni yakho [5] .



Inani Lokudla Okunomsoco KwePunarnava

Amagremu ayi-100 epunarnava aqukethe u-16.1 mcg wamafutha aphelele no-0.012 mg wensimbi.

Ezinye izakhamzimba ezikhona kuleli khambi zimi kanje [6] :

  • 226 mg wamaprotheni
  • 162 mg we-sodium
  • 142 mg we-calcium
  • 44.8 mg kavithamini C



imibala yelensi yokuxhumana yesikhumba samaNdiya
Punarnava

Izinzuzo Zezempilo zePunarnava

Kusukela ekuvimbeleni ukuqala komdlavuza ekwelapheni ukungezwani komzimba, imbiza iyiqula lezinzuzo zezempilo [7] .

1. Uphatha ukukhuluphala

I-herb iyisithako esivamile cishe kuwo wonke ama-herbal slimming formulations. I-Punarnava isiza ngokukhuthaza ukususwa koketshezi olwengeziwe emzimbeni, ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa yi-potassium noma ama-electrolyte adingekayo. Kuyasiza ekukhuthazeni ukuchama, lapho uketshezi olungadingekile luzophuma khona emzimbeni wakho, lukhuthaze ukwehla kwesisindo [8] .

2. Ulwa nezinkinga zokuphefumula

Ukusebenza njenge-expectorant enhle kakhulu, imifino iyasiza ekususeni noma yikuphi ukuminyana noma ukuvinjelwa. I-Punarnava isetshenziselwe ukwelapha i-asthma ngenxa yekhono layo lokuphumuza indlela yomoya nokunqanda ama-spasms. I-decoction ye-herb yikhambi elisebenza kahle kakhulu lesifuba somoya. Isetshenziswa njengekhambi lemvelo lokwelapha isifo sofuba [9] .

3. Kuvikela isibindi sakho

Isetshenziswa kakhulu ekwelapheni ukuphazamiseka kwesibindi njenge-jaundice. Izici ze-hepatoprotective zomuthi zivikela isibindi sakho kubuthi namakhemikhali futhi zivuselele futhi zihlanze isibindi sakho. IPunarnava ingakusiza ekubuyiseleni impilo, ukuqina nobungqabavu besibindi sakho futhi ivikele ukuphazamiseka kwesibindi njenge-hepatitis, i-jaundice, i-iron defence anemia, i-ascites, i-anorexia kanye nesibindi esidangele [10] .

4. Iphatha ukutheleleka komgudu womchamo

I-Punarnava inezinto ezidayisa isisu, elwa namagciwane, ezilwa nokuvuvukala kanye ne-antispasmodic ezingahambisana nazo zonke ukwelapha ama-UTIs. Ingasetshenziswa ekunciphiseni ukuqala kokutheleleka okuphindaphindayo komchamo (i-UTIs), kufaka phakathi ama-UTIs ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa. Ikhambi liphephile ukuthi lingasetshenziswa kumama okhulelwe we-UTI ngoba ngeke lidale imiphumela emibi kunina noma kusana [12] .

5. Kunciphisa ukucindezeleka

Ukuba i-adaptogen, imbiza iyasiza ekulweni nokucindezeleka. Ucwaningo luye lwembula ukuthi ukukhishwa kwemifino kungalwa nezinkomba ze-biochemical of stress ezifana nokukhuphuka kweglucose yegazi kanye ne-cortisol. Ithobisa ingqondo yakho, ikukhulule ekucindezelekeni [13] .

Punarnava

6. Ilwa nokuvuvukala

IPunarnava inezinto ezilwa nokuvuvukala ezisiza ekwelapheni ukuvuvukala okubangelwa yisifo senhliziyo, isifo samathambo, isifo sikashukela, i-asthma nezinye izifo. I-enzyme eyimfihlo ye-phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) ekhambi ikhiqiza abalamuli abavuthayo abanganciphisa ukuvuvukala nobuhlungu [14] .

7. Iphatha isifo sikashukela

Amaqabunga epunarnava angasiza ekwehliseni amazinga e-glucose egazini, ngaleyo ndlela andise amazinga e-plasma insulin emzimbeni wakho. Izinsiza zemithi yokulawula isifo sakho sikashukela, noma kunjalo, kufanele uthintane nodokotela wakho ngaphambi kokuthatha i-herbal extract ukuze ukwazi ukuphatha isifo sikashukela [ishumi nanhlanu] .

8. Kwehlisa izifo zamehlo

IPunarnava isetshenziswa kabanzi ngekhono layo lokwelapha ukuphazamiseka kwamehlo okuhlukahlukene. Ukukhishwa kweqabunga kusetshenziswa kanye noju njengethonsi leso le-ophthalmia. Impande yayo isetshenziswa njenge-collyrium yokwelapha ukucasulwa kwamehlo nezifo. Umsebenzi we-antimicrobial onamakhambi okuvikela amagciwane abangela ukutheleleka njengo-E. Coli, S. aureus, no-P. aeruginosa, ngaleyo ndlela uvikela amehlo akho ezifweni noma ezifweni [16] .

9. Kuthuthukisa impilo yezinso

IPunarnava isetshenziswa kakhulu ekwelapheni izifo ezihlobene nezinso. Izifundo zithi zingasiza ekuvuseleleni izinso. Kuyasiza ekunciphiseni ukuqala kwe-nephrotic syndrome lapho iprotheni eyeqile ikhishwa emchameni. Kuphakanyiswa futhi ukuthi umuthi unganciphisa amatshe ezinso, futhi usize ukunciphisa ukucindezeleka okwenziwa yi-oxidative okubangelwa ukukhishwa ngokweqile kwe-oxalate emchameni futhi kuvimbele itshe le-calcium oxalate ekufakweni emzimbeni wakho [17] .

Kungenxa yamakhemikhali e-phenolic emthini onomsebenzi we-antioxidant. Impahla yomchamo yezinsiza zemifino ekususweni kobuthi emzimbeni wakho ngokuwukhipha ngomchamo wakho [18] .

10. Welapha ukungabi namandla

Imbewu yemifino inenzuzo enkulu ekwelapheni izinkinga zezempilo nezocansi emadodeni. Kuyasiza ukuvuselela uhlelo lokuzala lwabesilisa ngokwandisa i-libido yakho kanye nenani nekhwalithi yesidoda. IPunarnava isetshenziswa njengekhambi lamakhambi lokungasebenzi kahle kwe-erectile [19] .

Punarnava

11. Iphatha i-anemia

Leli khambi liyasetshenziswa ekwelashweni njengoba lingagcini nje ngokukhuthaza ukwakheka kwamangqamuzana abomvu egazi kepha liphinde lisize neziguli ezinenkinga yokushoda kwegazi elinenkinga yokushoda nokudla. Okuqukethwe okunothile kwensimbi ku-punarnava kunganikezwa kule nzuzo [amashumi amabili] .

12. Kugwema umdlavuza

IPunarnavine etholakala kuleli khambi kuthiwa yi-alkaloid enezinto ezilwa nomdlavuza. Ucwaningo luye lwaveza ukuthi i-punarnava ithathwa njengelinye lamakhambi angcono kakhulu okwelashwa komdlavuza. Izinsiza ze-alkaloid ekuthuthukiseni ukuphendula komzimba wakho futhi zivimbela ukuqhubekela phambili kwe-metastatic kwamaseli e-B16F-10 melanoma, ngokusho kocwaningo [amashumi amabili nanye] . Lokhu kungasekelwa yimithi yemithi evikela i-hepato, choleretic, cardiokine, anti-cancer kanye ne-antioxidant [22] .

13. Kuthuthukisa impilo yenhliziyo

Ikhambi litholakala ukuthi linempahla ye-cardiotonic. Kuyasiza ukuthuthukisa ukusebenza kwenhliziyo yakho, ngaleyo ndlela kunciphise ukuqala kokuhluleka kwenhliziyo. Kuvimbela ukucindezelwa okwenziwe nge-oxidative okubangelwa ama-radicals amahhala, kuvikela inhliziyo yakho kwi-hypertrophy yenhliziyo. Amakhemikhali e-phenolic akhona anezakhi eziqinile zokulwa ne-antioxidant, okunikela ngokuqhubekayo ekuvikeleni inhliziyo yakho [2. 3] .

14. Kugwema izifo zesikhumba

I-Punarnava isetshenziswa kakhulu ekwelapheni izifo ezithinta isikhumba sakho. Izici ze-antimicrobial kanye ne-antifungal zomuthi zisiza ekubulaleni amagciwane angadala ukucasuka kwesikhumba. Kuyaziwa futhi ukugwema iMicrosporum gypseum, isikhunta esibangela ukubomvu, ukuqhekeka, ukukala kanye namabhamuza [24] .

15. Ubhekana nesifo sokuwa

Ucwaningo luveza ukuthi izimpande ze-punarnava zingasetshenziswa ekwelapheni isithuthwane. Isakhi esaziwa ngokuthi yi-ligodendron esikhona kulesi sitshalo sinomsebenzi we-anticonvulsant ngenxa yempahla ephezulu yokulwa nesiteshi se-calcium ephethwe yi-punarnava. Ngokuvimba iziteshi ze-calcium, ukuquleka kungakhawulelwa noma kulawulwe [25] .

Ukusetshenziswa KwePunarnava

I-Rich with anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antioxidative, antiarthritic, antibacterial, and spasmolytic properties umuthi unokusetshenziswa okuhlukahlukene. Isetshenziselwa ukwelapha nokuphatha okulandelayo [26] :

  • Ukuvuvukala noma i-edema
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwamehlo
  • Ukulunywa nokucasuka
  • Ukunisela njalo kwamehlo
  • I-cataract engavuthiwe
  • Ubumpumputhe basebusuku
  • Izinkinga ze-rheumatic
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwesikhumba
  • Amarabi
  • Izinkinga ngenxa yokudakwa ngokweqile nokuphuza ngokweqile
  • I-colic yamathumbu nezibungu

Iphinde isetshenziselwe ukuqinisa imisipha nefolishi lemfuyo [27] .

kanjani ukususa uwoyela izinwele

Punarnava

Umthamo wePunarnava

Isilinganiso esivamile esinconyiwe semifino singamathisipuni ama-2-5 kabili ngosuku (isilinganiso esijwayelekile). I-Punarnava kufanele idliwe ngamanzi. Umthamo wempande yezimpande ngu-3 kuya ku-6 amagremu kanti umthamo we-decoction ngu-5 kuye ku-10 ml [28] .

* Isexwayiso: Kufanele ukhulume nodokotela we-Ayurvedic noma udokotela ngaphambi kokusebenzisa umuthi.

IPunarnava E-Ayurveda

Ikhambi lingenye esetshenziswa kakhulu e-ayurveda. Ngenxa yobuningi bezinzuzo nezindawo zokwelapha i-punarnava hold, ingasetshenziswa ekwelapheni izifo ezahlukahlukene. It found uses in many formulations in Ayurveda such as punarnavadi kashayam, punarnavarishtam, punarnava mandooram, punarnavadi guggulu, pathya punarnavadi kashayam, brahma rasayanam, chavanaprasham, sukumara ghritam, dhanwantaram tailam and ghritham, nokunye okuningi [29] .

Punarnava

E-ayurveda, i-punarnava isetshenziselwa ukwelapha ukuqwasha, i-cataract, i-asthma, isifo sofuba, ukuphazamiseka kwamehlo, ukuphazamiseka kwezinso, i-ascites, umkhuhlane, i-colic yamathumbu nezibungu, amarabi, ukudakwa ngokweqile nokuphuza ngokweqile, ukuphazamiseka kwamathambo, i-kapha dosha ukukhwehlela okukhulu, ukucasuka, i-jaundice, i-arthritis, izifo ezithinta umchamo, ukwehla kwesisindo, ukugcinwa kwamanzi, ukuya esikhathini okunzima, ama-clotting ne-uterine fibroids, ne-glaucoma [30] .

Imiphumela emibi ye-Punarnava

  • Ikhambi lingakhuphula umfutho wegazi futhi lithinte ukusebenza kwenhliziyo [31] .
  • Uma kudliwe esiswini esingenalutho noma ngaphandle kwamanzi, kungadala umuzwa ovuthayo emphinjeni.
  • Abantu abanokungezwani komzimba ne-ethanol bazoba nokusabela okunzima.
  • Kungadala ukusikwa kwesibeletho kwabesifazane abakhulelwe.
  • Kungadala ukozela.

Izexwayiso

  • Leli khambi akufanele linikezwe izingane ezingaphansi kweminyaka eyi-12 [32] .
  • Iqukethe utshwala obuzenzele futhi akufanele iphuzwe ngaphambi kokushayela.
  • Ayikwazi ukuphuzwa ngotshwala.
  • Ukweqisa i-punarnava kuzodala izinkinga ezahlukahlukene zezokwelapha.
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